What impacts child and family outcomes?

There are many factors that influence the outcomes of children and families. These factors are often beyond a person’s individual control. We refer to these as community determinants, based on research about the social determinants of health and well-being. Community determinants help to explain inequities – that is, unfair differences in outcomes across the population.

Early Childhood Development

While healthy development in the early years is an outcome itself, children’s experiences in the earliest years of life have a lasting effect on future outcomes. This is because early childhood is considered to be the most important developmental phase throughout the lifespan. We measure this using the Early Development Instrument (EDI).

Socioeconomic Inequities

A family's Socioeconomic Status (SES) is a key factor that influences well-being. Socioeconomic factors include income, employment, education, and other living conditions. Low SES can be a risk factor for negative outcomes. We measure this using the Child & Family Inequities Score.

Demographic Inequities

Some communities and social groups are more likely to experience poor outcomes. This is due to structural disadvantage and discrimination based on gender, sexuality, immigration status, Aboriginal identity and disability, among other factors. We measure this by disaggregating data by these factors.