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Drivers for Change – Use Data

Equity Framework > Drivers for Change > Using Data

Data helps highlight inequities in access and outcomes, raise awareness, provide a rationale for action, identify important starting points, and track the progress and results of activities.

There are many different ways to utilize data, including:

Data is a resource and has value, its collection and use is political. Data collection among First Nations has unique context, consequences, and principles. The First Nations principles of Ownership, Control, Access, and Possession (OCAP™) reflect commitments to use and share information in a way that brings benefit to the community while minimizing harm. OCAP™ allows a community to make decisions regarding why, how and by whom information is collected, used or shared.

Adapted from:

  1. Racial Equity Tools – Data. Retrieved from
  2. – Mobilize Data, Research, & Evaluation. Retrieved from
  3. The First Nations Information Governance Centre. (2014). Ownership, Control, Access and Possession (OCAP™): The Path to First Nations Information Governance. Retrieved from

Further Reading / Additional resources

From Data to Action. This page includes helpful information, tips, guiding questions and resources to make a difference with data.

The First Nations principles of OCAP® are a set of standards that establish how First Nations data should be collected, protected, used, or shared. They are the de facto standard for how to conduct research with First Nations.

Sample Tools

Racial Equity Toolkit An Opportunity to Operationalize Equity

Raising the Village

The project identifies metropolitan area indicators of diversity, opportunity, quality of life and health for various racial and ethnic population groups.

Making Data Talk: A Workbook
The ultimate goal of this workbook is to help select and communicate quantitative data in ways audiences can understand.

City for All Women Initiative, and M. Brooks. 2015. Advancing Equity and Inclusion: A Guide for Municipalities. Ottawa, ON: CAWI.