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Social Locations – Black Communities

Equity Framework > Social Locations > Black Communities

Black communities in Toronto include diverse people with unique experiences who self-identify as Black and/or of African heritage [1]. Anti-Black racism still exists in Toronto, affecting the lives of more than 200,000 Black people who call Toronto home. Anti-Black racism is policies and practices embedded in Canadian institutions that reflect and reinforce beliefs, attitudes, prejudice, stereotyping and/or discrimination that is directed at people of African descent and is rooted in their unique history and experience of enslavement and colonization here in Canada. It is experienced as a lack of opportunity, poor health and mental health outcomes, poor education outcomes, lower socio-economic status, precarious employment, higher unemployment, significant poverty rates, and overrepresentation in the criminal justice, mental health, and child welfare systems. Universal equity initiatives often fail to effectively serve Black Torontonians, leading to disparities and disproportionately negative outcomes. Targeted equity measures for Torontonians of African descent help to ensure access to the full benefits of living in Toronto [2].


  1. Environics Institute for Survey Research . (2017). The Black Experience Project in the GTA. Retrieved February 14, 2020, from
  2. City of Toronto. Toronto Action Plan to Confront Anti-Black Racism. Retrieved February 14, 2020, from