Font Size

Social Locations – Gender

Equity Framework > Social Locations > Gender

Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviours, expressions and identities of girls, women, boys, men, and gender diverse people. It influences how people perceive themselves and each other, how they act and interact, and the distribution of power and resources in society. Gender is usually conceptualized as a binary (girl/woman and boy/man) yet there is considerable diversity in how individuals and groups understand, experience, and express it. In turn, many people prefer to identify as genderfluid, gender non-conforming, genderqueer and trans among many others [1]. Disparities in well-being based on gender persist despite changing understandings of the socialized nature of gender [2].


  1. Government of Canada, Canadian Institutes of Health Research & Institute of Gender and Health (2014, September 30). What is gender? What is sex? Retrieved February 14, 2020, from (opens in new window)
  2. The Toronto Child & Family Network (2016). Raising the Village, Equity Analysis Toolkit. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from (opens in new window)