Font Size

Social Locations – Geography

Equity Framework > Social Locations > Geography

Where people live, work, and play has an important influence on health and well-being. Toronto is a deeply divided city in terms of the living conditions, socioeconomic differences, and opportunities for children and families across different parts of the city [2]. There is increasing geographic segregation between groups along ethno-cultural, racial, and income lines [1]. Communities are complex and multi-dimensional. Many neighbourhoods with very high inequities also have resilient or protective factors, and many families in those communities may still experience good outcomes. The Child & Family Inequities Score is a tool to help explain the variation in socio-economic status across the City of Toronto neighbourhoods [3].


  1. Hulchanski, J. D. & Maaranen, R. (2018, September). Neighbourhood Socio-Economic Polarization & Segregation in Toronto Trends and Processes since 1970. Presented at Delft University of Technology, Netherlands. Retrieved February 20, 2020 from
  2. Polanyi , M., Mustachi , J., kerr , michael, & Meagher, S. (2016). Divided City: Life in Canada’s Child Poverty Capital (2016 Toronto Child and Family Poverty Report Card). Retrieved February 20, 2020 from
  3. The Toronto Child & Family Network (2016). Raising the village: Child & Family Inequities Score. Retrieved March 11, 2020 from