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Social Locations – Racialized Groups

Equity Framework > Social Locations > Racialized Groups

The process of the social construction of race is called “racialization” [1]. Racialization is socially constructed because it has been created from an idea of difference in relation to Whiteness that has resulted in the unequal distribution of power and privilege. “Racialized” is the term used to refer to groups and members who may receive or experience different treatment or the denial of rights or privileges by individuals and institutions because of their race through the process of racialization. In the present context, racialized groups include those who may experience differential treatment on the basis of race, ethnicity, language, economics, religion, culture, and other factors [2]. Racial discriminiation is a social determinant of health and racism creates barriers to accessing quality health services, education, and information for racialized people [3]. Data analysis that highlights the ways racism and marginalization affect racialized communities is critical to the development of anti-racist and equitable policy, programs, and services [4].


  1. Ontario Human Rights Commission, Racial discrimination, race and racism (fact sheet). Retrieved February 14, 2020, from
  2. Equity, Diversity and Human Rights Division, City of Toronto. Use & Empower: A Guide to Equity Terms. Retrieved February 14, 2020, from
  3. Brooks, D. (2010). Inner City Health: Experiences of Racialization & Health Inequity: Wellesley Institute. Retrieved February 14, 2020, from
  4. The Toronto Child & Family Network (2016). Raising the Village, Equity Analysis Toolkit. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from