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Social Locations – Undocumented

Equity Framework > Social Locations > Undocumented

Undocumented persons, or irregular migrants, live or work in Canada but lack official permission or documents for entry, residence, or work [1]. Being undocumented is not a permanent condition, it can be a fluid status of precarious migration. An undocumented person may have a legal and valid document from the national government of another country. Other terms that are used are: Non-status, without status or without full status. Undocumented persons face barriers that may challenge their ability to access services [2]. It is extremely difficult to determine how many people live in Canada without immigration status. Estimates suggest that there may be between 20,000 and 500,000 undocumented people living in Canada. It is estimated that 50 % of undocumented persons living in Canada reside in Toronto [2].


  1. Canadian Council for Refugees (2010). Refugees and Immigrants: A glossary. Retrieved February 14, 2020, from
  2. City of Toronto (2017). Refugees, Refugee Claimants and Undocumented Torontonians – Recent Trends and Issues, Report for Action. Retrieved February 14, 2020,from